The theorists are the people behind the different studies of the way people learn. There are obviously more than what I have posted below.  I will be sure to add more as time goes along so for the mean time understand and learn these theorists for they will be helpful in your studies and especially for passing Praxis 2.

  1. Knowledge: arrange, define, duplicate, label, list, memorize, name, order, recognize, relate, recall, repeat, reproduce state.
  2. Comprehension: classify, describe, discuss, explain, express, identify, indicate, locate, recognize, report, restate, review, select, translate,
  3. Application: apply, choose, demonstrate, dramatize, employ, illustrate, interpret, operate, practice, schedule, sketch, solve, use, write.
  4. Analysis: analyze, appraise, calculate, categorize, compare, contrast, criticize, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, examine, experiment, question, test.
  5. Synthesis: arrange, assemble, collect, compose, construct, create, design, develop, formulate, manage, organize, plan, prepare, propose, set up, write.
  6. Evaluation: appraise, argue, assess, attach, choose compare, defend estimate, judge, predict, rate, core, select, support, value, evaluate.

Main Principles:
1. Cognitive development is limited to a certain range at any given age.
2. Full cognitive development requires social interaction.

A Piaget Biography - C. George Boeree
This site will give you a deeper understanding of his methods to understanding the way people learn.

Jerome Bruner:
Main concept is "categorization."  "To perceive is to categorize, to conceptualize is to categorize, to learn is to form categories, to make decisions is to categorize." (wikipedia)

Read his book "The Culture of Education" great look into his philosophical mind and a better understanding of the way we learn.
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